Continuous water quality monitoring of permanganate in treated water presents sensor contamination issues. When permanganate reacts with organics or other reducing materials in solution, manganese dioxide (MnO2) is formed and readily plates out on sensing electrode surfaces. The resulting deposits degrade the measurement and can be difficult to clean. The Q46/83 eliminates this problem by employing a measurement method in which the sensor never comes into contact with the sample. In operation, water containing permanganate is mixed with pH buffer and potassium iodide solutions. Permanganate oxidizes the iodide to iodine (I2), and the resulting I2 is stripped out of solution and measured using an I2 gas sensor. This “gas phase” measurement technique eliminates MnO2 sensor fouling, resulting in a system capable of providing long term reliability.
The Q46H/83 Permanganate water quality monitor consists of two main components, an electronic display unit and a chemistry module. The chemistry module contains sample and reagent pumps, sample handling systems, and the gas sensor that provides the final measurement. An inlet overflow assembly attached to the bottom of the chemistry module is where the inlet sample line and drain line are connected. Sample inlet flows of 250-100 ml./min. are recommended to keep system response time to a minimum. Reagent bottle holders are supplied so that reagents can be wall mounted below the chemistry system.
The electronics module can be mounted near the chemistry unit or up to 100 feet away depending on installation requirements. Permanganate concentration is displayed on a large format back-lit LCD with a second alpha-numeric line below to indicate other operating parameters. Three SPDT alarm relays and two 4-20 mA outputs are provided, and digital communications are available.